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Captured V-2 Rocket

A captured V-2 in 1945

The V-2 Rocket, Aggregat-4, or A-4 was a ballistic missile that was used by Germany during World War II. The V-2 had a total weight of about 12,000 kg and a maximum speed of about 5,700 km/h.


A development of the A5 test rocket, which was itself based on the A3 built as part of the research conducted between the wars, the first complete example of the A4/V-2 exploded during its first static test on 18th March 1942. Despite this and other failures, a successful launch was carried out before the end of 1942. Thanks to the support of Albert Speer, Hitler endorsed plans for mass production of the V-2 on December 22nd 1942.[1]

Despite a number of setbacks, such as the shortage of men and material, and the RAF attack against the research centre at Peenemunde on 17 August 1943,[1] a training centre was established under the code name Heimat-Artilleriepak 11, and work proceeded on production of storage and launching bunkers, equipment for mobile launching platforms and propellent.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Kay, Antony L and J R Smith. German Aircraft of the Second World War. Putnam Aeronautical Books. 2002. ISBN 0 85177 920 4 Page 314
  2. Kay, Antony L and J R Smith. Page 315

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