Accordingly, the insignia of each rating changes depending rate, with a variety of rating symbols corresponding to each speciality.
The primary means of rank, rating, and experience identification in the United States Navy during World War II was dependent on uniform and rank insignia found on the upper arm and the cuffs. While Seamen and Petty Officers wore the typical white fatigue cap and rig, the Chief Petty Officer's uniform was nearly identicle to the Navy officer's uniform, with the exception of a special cap emblem and his rank insiginia. In the chart shown below, each rank insignia denotes a Boatswain, or Bosun, by displaying its rating device between the perched eagle and the chevrons.
The Navy separated personnel between the executive branch, which was charged with operating ships, and the line branch, which was the corps branch. If in the corps branch, the petty officer would wear their insignia on the left sleeve, and if in the executive branch, the right sleeve. While the standard color of the sailor's chevrons and service stripes are red, through twelve-years of no bad conduct warranting judicial review or court martial, one could earn the right to display gold insignia. Red or gold embroidered insignia would be worn on black cloth on winter uniforms, and black embroidered insignia would be worn on white cloth on summer uniforms. Non-commissioned officers could also earn the right to display service stripes on their cuff. Each stripe denotes four-years of service.
Unlike Petty Officer's, Seaman's rank insignia was placed lower on the cuff with no sleeve insignia, although Service Stripes could be earned. Random note: the eagle, a symbol for not only the Americans, but also to the Germans and Italians in some form appears on all naval rank insignia from petty officer third class up.
|Rating Title||Sleeve Insignia||Cuff Insignia||Pay Grade|
|Seaman, Second Class||6|
|Seaman, First Class||5|
|Petty Officer, Third Class||4|
|Petty Officer, Second Class||3|
|Petty Officer, First Class||2|
|Chief Petty Officer||1, 1A|
Established in 1942, the United States Navy had a set system of salary for its enlisted men. This system was based on the class or rating of the sailor. In addition to the standard salary, the awards of the Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Medal, Distinguished Flying Cross, or the Navy Cross granted the recipient an additional $2.00 per month. After one year of service, a $35.00 clothing allowance was granted to be paid in quarterly installments of $8.75. Sailors stationed in unfurnished quarters, depending on their station, were granted an additional $2.75 to $5.00 per day. For three years of service, the base pay of the sailor increased by 3%. The baseline pay scale is as follows:
|Grade||Monthly Salary||Class or Rating|
|1||$138||Chief Petty Officer, Permanent Appointment|
|1A||$126||Chief Petty Officer, Acting Appointment|
|2||$114||Petty Officer, First Class|
|3||$96||Petty Officer, Second Class|
|4||$78||Petty Officer, Third Class|
|5||$66||Seaman, First Class|
|6||$54||Seaman, Second Class|
The United States Navy, as it does currently, maintained a system of ratings depending on the sailor's skills, abilities, and responsibilities. Each rating has its own device which is worn on the sleeve insignia for Petty Officers, and on the cuff and shoulder insignia for corps officers.
|Aerographer||Make weather observations.|
|Airship Rigger||Know the control and mooring of airships, and meteorology.|
Know naval drill duties, tie knots, and stand watch.
Officer Insignia images and pay grades from Navy Mil Website
|Rating Title||Collar Insignia||Shoulder Insignia||Cuff Insignia||Pay Grade|
|Lieutenant Junior Grade||O-2|
|Rear Admiral (Lower Half)||O-7|
|Rear Admiral Upper Half)||O-8|
Established December 1944  and reserved for war time use only.