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The United States Navy is the naval warfare branch of the United States military.

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History

Established in 1797, the US Navy is still active as of today. During World War II, the US Navy became one of the largest in the world, requiring ships in both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. During the war, it played a major role in many important conflicts, including the Invasion of Normandy, the Battle of Midway, the Solomon Islands Campaign, and many more.[1]

Naval Aviation Operations

United States Naval Aviation is part of the Naval Organisation, and is under the direction of the Secretary of the Navy.[N 1]

Administration

Administration of the United States Navy was handled by the Navy Department, in association with the Bureau of Aeronautics, who wee responsible for design, procurement and upkeep of naval aircraft and aircraft equipment, together with the training of naval air personnel.

Organisation

The Aircraft Squadron is the standard administrative and tactical unit in all naval operations. Carrier based squadrons comprise eighteen aircraft, sub-divided into two divisions of nine aircraft each. Patrol squadrons comprise six or twelve aircraft, but squadrons operating from battleships and cruisers vary in their complement. Three sections of three aircraft form an Observation Squadron attached to each battleship division of three ships. Four cruisers usually form a division, and each cruiser carries a section of four aircraft, the four sections forming a cruising scouting squadron.[2]

Capital ship classes

Aircraft carriers

USS Liscome Bay CVE56

The Casablanca-class escort carrier USS Liscome Bay (CVE 56) races through pacific waters.

Battleships and Battle Cruisers

USS Mississippi battleship

The battleship USS Mississppi awaits deployment to the pacific.

Cruisers

USS Arkansas BB-33

The USS Arkansas (BB-33), a Wyoming-class battleship, formerly serving in the US Navy.

Frigates and Destroyers

Corvettes

Submarines

Escorts and Patrol Boats

Higgins PT Boat

A Higgins PT boat on patrol off the coast of Spain, 1942.

Support Ships

Logistics Vessels

Attack Transports

Cargo Ships

Landing and Amphibious Ships

Minesweepers

Oilers

Command Ships

Naval Bases

Naval Air Service

Naval Air Stations

At the time of the United States entering the war after the Bombing of Pearl Harbor, there were thirty four naval operational, training, overhaul, test and airship bases in the continental United States, the West Indies, the Pacific and Alaska. These were supplemented by sixteen Naval Reserve Aviation bases. The period 1942-1943 saw the establishment of an additional twenty three shore bases. These comprised twenty one naval air stations, including three for lighter than air aircraft, and two Naval Reserve Aviation bases.[2]

Training

Naval Air transport

Naval Aircraft

Fighters

Strike Aircraft

Observation Aircraft

Transports

References

Notes

  1. The sections on Administration, Organisation, Naval Air Stations, Training and Naval Air Transport relate to the situation as recorded during 1945.[2]
  2. In addition to these types, a special unit, designated VCS-7, operated Supermarine Spitfire fighters loaned from the RAF for observation duties during Operation Overlord, as the existing types were considered too vulnerable.[3]

Sources

  1. http://www.history.navy.mil/history/history3.htm
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 *Gunston, Bill (Forward). Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II. Tiger Books. 1989. ISBN 1-85501-996-5. (Reprint of Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1945/1946. Bridgeman, Leonard (Editor). 1946). Page 56
  3. Fly Past. Published monthly by Key Publishing Limited June 2014 Page 96

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