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The Type 94 was a 6 x 6 truck that was used by Japan during World War II.

Description

The Type 94 had an Otsu diesel engine that was capable of propelling it at speeds of up to 60 km/h . The vehicle itself was unarmed and unarmored but carried two spare tires on the side for maintenance. The only crew required was a single driver but up to 1,300 kilograms of cargo or passengers could also be carried.[1]

The total weight of the vehicle itself was around 4,800 kilograms while its total length was 5.3 metres. The Type 94, unlike its predecessors was highly reliable in the field and it was very capable of traveling cross country. Fuel consumption was also very good which made it well liked in the field and a high clearance allowed it to traverse most of the rough jungle terrain where it mostly served.

Variants

During the war, the Type 94 had several variants produced that mostly introduced minor improvements over the course of its service life. The first of these was the option for the vehicle to be fitted with a gasoline engine. Also produced were the soft top and hard top conversions for the roof.

History

The Type 94 was initially developed in 1933 as part of the Imperial Japanese Army's program to sponsor independent motor companies in order to provide the army with a reliable truck platform unlike so many existing trucks which all mostly had poor performance.[2] Isuzu subsequently showed their design and it was accepted in 1934. The truck was used widely across the Pacific Theater and was quickly adopted as the standard truck of the army. It served throughout the war until 1945 and thousands had been produced by that time. 

References

  1. http://javehicles.weebly.com/trucks.html
  2. http://www3.plala.or.jp/takihome/truck94.htm

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