The SVT-40 was a semi-automatic rifle that was used by the Soviet Union during World War II.
The SVT-40 fires the 7.62x54mmR Cartridge and it uses a 10 round box magazine. The weight of the SVT was 3.85 kilograms when loaded. It also had a barrel length of 625 mm and a total length of 122.6 cm. The SVT-40 had an effective range of approximately 800 meters. It also had a gas-operated firing system and the muzzle velocity was 840 meters per second. The rate of fire of the SVT-40 is about 25 rounds per minute.
The SVT-40 is not as rugged as other weapons since it was made to be more light weight and this can effect the gun dramatically in combat. Still, reliability was relatively good. The iron sights on the SVT-40 were set to fixed and consisted of a front post and open rear sights. Among the attachments was the M1940 bayonet.
There were only two variants of the SVT-40, the AVT-40 and the SKT-40. Each saw very limited production and were somewhat experimental. The AVT-40 had the capability for fully automatic fire while the SKT-40 was meant to be a carbine.
HistoryEditThe SVT-40 was similar to its predecessor, the SVT-38. The latter received a lot of negative comments about it because it was not very reliable, and that the magazine had a tendency to fall out of the chamber. The newer SVT-40 proved more effective than the SVT-38 and received mostly positive reviews. However, during the start of the Great Patriotic War, many SVT-40s fell into the hands of Germans. Production of the SVT-40 continued, but was mostly replaced by the Mosin Nagant because it was much easier to mass-produce. By 1942, there were already very little SVT-40s produced, but production was officially ceased in January 1945.
Soldiers usually liked the SVT-40 despite its many inefficiencies. During World War II, some SVT-40s had a scope mounted for sniping. The SVT-40 was still used in very small numbers by the Viet Cong and also saw minor use by Cuban Revolutionaries, although other rifles like the AK-47 and SKS-45 replaced it with the Viet Cong and Khmer Rouge. The SVT-40 is still in service with the North Korean People's Armed Forces.
The SVT-40 saw some use with Finnish and German forces as thousands were captured during the German invasion known as Operation Barbarossa. These rifles were designated Selbstladegewehr 259(r) while captured SVT-38 rifles were designated Selbstladegewehr 258(r).
- ↑ http://world.guns.ru/rifle/autoloading-rifles/rus/tokarev-svt-3-svt-40-e.html
- ↑ http://www.lonesentry.com/articles/tokarev_m1940/index.html
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 http://www.militaryfactory.com/smallarms/detail.asp?smallarms_id=427