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PPS-42

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The PPS submachine gun was an automatic, blow-back operated, SMG that was first designed in 1942 as the PPS-42.

Description

It took the 7.62x25mm Tokarev Cartridge and it had a magazine capacity of 35 rounds.[1]

It also included a folding stock which made it very portable. The length was about 61.5 cm without the stock and the weight was 2.95 kg empty. The rate of fire was 500-600 rounds per minute and the effective range was 150–200 meters.

Variants

The PPS-43 which was the only variant of the PPS SMG other than versions made by different manufacturers, saw its inception in 1943. It was made to be made even simpler than the original PPS-42. Some improvements included a shortened stock and a shortened barrel. The iron sights, a flip up, L-shaped, rear sight and a stationary front sight, were not modified and neither was the rate of fire.[2] The PPS-43 was produced in the millions and has been in service with many different armies and armed forces. Although many of these PPS-43s were actually copies produced and slightly altered by different countries. These include the Type 54 SMG from China and the M/44 from Finland.

History

The PPS-42 was created by Alexey Sudayev in 1942 due to the urgent need of a submachine gun that was portable enough to be carried by tank crews or other forces that needed a portable SMG and it was also created to help Soviet forces during the Siege of Leningrad. The older PPSh-41 was just to big and not portable enough for places like the inside of a T-34.

Somewhere around 45,000 of them were produced by the time it was replaced in 1943 by the PPS-43 which was cheaper to make and even more portable. The PPS-43 was used by the Red Army in many battles and campaigns across the Eastern Front. Around 2,000,000 of them were produced by World War II's end. After the Second World War the Chinese, Spanish, and the Polish all made their own versions and even the Vietnamese utilized their own version of the PPS-43.

References

  1. http://www.militaryfactory.com/smallarms/detail.asp?smallarms_id=259
  2. http://world.guns.ru/smg/rus/ppp-43-e.html

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