The PM M1910 Machine Gun or M1910/30 was a Soviet/Russian adaptation of the earlier M1910 Maxim Machine Gun.
It had a rate of fire of 520 rounds per minute and was fed by 250 round belts.It was usually mounted on a mobile base fitted with two wooden wheels. The maximum range of the M1910 was 1,000.3 meters while the muzzle velocity was approximately 860.1 meters per second.
The total weight of the weapon was around 43 kilograms when fitted with all of its accessories, including its gun shield and wheel mount. Its total length was 107 centimeters. Although the wheels were designed to make the mount more mobile, it oftentimes simply made the gun heavier and the gun was usually transported by armored vehicle nonetheless. A unique feature of the weapon was that, by removing the wheel base and unfolding the legs, the M1910 could be used in an AA role. However, in combat situations, frontline troops typically removed the gun shield and other accessories in favor of carrying a lighter load and being less noticeable when camouflaged.
During the war, several small variants of the M1910 had been produced, however the most common of these was the PV-1 Heavy Machine Gun which was an air-cooled version that had also had several mechanical improvements.
The PM M1910 was initially developed in 1910 following inspiration gained from the previous Maxim gun. Subsequently, it was quickly adopted into the Imperial Russian Army and was used throughout World War I by Russian troops until the Russian withdrawal from the war. By the time that German troops had launched Operation Barbarossa, the M1910 was the standard heavy machine gun of the Red Army and as such, made a majority of what was available to Soviet infantry units.
It served in various locations across the front in numerous battles. In 1943, after the development of the SG 43, the M1910 had been phased out by it and other more modern weapons. In total, thousands of the M1910 had been made during the war.
- ↑ Lüdeke, Alexander. Weapons of World War II. Parragon Books Ltd. (2007), Page 30
- ↑ http://www.worldwar2headquarters.com/HTML/weapons/russian/heavyMachineGun.html
- ↑ http://world.guns.ru/machine/rus/maxim-m1910-30-e.html