The M22 Light Tank or "Locust" was an aerial assault tank that was designed in the United States in 1943. It had a crew of 3 and was powered by the air cooled Lycoming O-435 gasoline enigne. The M22 also weighed about 16,400 pounds and was about 13 feet long. The armor of the M22 was about .5 inches in most places and 1 inch in others.
The purpose of this tank is to support airborne troops once landed. It had a 37mm main gun and had a top speed of approximately 40 mph. The M22 could also have a .30 Mg mounted. The M22 had a 4 speed forward, 1 speed reverse transmission and it had a SCR 510 radio.
The Locust also was capable of carrying 57 gallons of fuel and around 2,500 MG rounds. Along with the MG rounds; the M22 could also carry around 50 37mm rounds.There were no variants of the M22 Light Tank besides the original production model.
The M22 was originally designated the T9 and later the T9E1. It began to ship out to the front lines in 1943 and around 830 Locusts were produced by war's end. The M22 was named the Locust because of a nickname given by the British.
It transported by the United States in 2 parts, the hull and the turret. This was caused because the only US glider large enough to fit the tank wasn't large enough to fit it all together. British forces however solved this problem by using large hamilcar gliders. One notable use of the M22 Light Tank was during Operation Varsity where several M22 Locusts were used.
However many of them were destroyed because of a number of different reasons including the gliders being destroyed and German forces using tanks or anti-tank weapons. The M22 was used throughout WWII and temporarily after WWII even as simply farm vehicles only they had no armament. Others were used by some armies, but didn't really see combat.
- ↑ http://www.wwiivehicles.com/usa/tanks-light/m22.asp
- ↑ http://afvdb.50megs.com/usa/m22locust.html
- ↑ http://www.militaryfactory.com/armor/detail.asp?armor_id=252