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M10 Tank Destroyer

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M10 Tank Destroyer 1
M10 Gun Motor Carriage
Production Information
Type

Tank Destroyer

Technical Specifications
Length

6 m

Weight

29,937 kg

Engine

GMC 6046 Twin Diesel 6-71

Speed

48.2 km/h

Armor
  • Hull Front: 38mm
  • Sides: 20mm
  • Turret Front: 50mm
Armament
  • 76mm M7 Gun
  • 1x 12.7mm M2 Browning machine gun
Crew

5 men

Usage
Year introduced

1942

Affiliation

United States

The M10 Tank Destroyer, "Wolverine", or M10 Gun Motor Carriage was a tank destroyer that was used by the United States during World War II.

Description

It had a crew of five and it had a top speed of about 48.2 km/h. It was also powered by a water cooled, 375 hp, GMC 6046 Twin Diesel 6-71 engine and it could carry around 620 liters of fuel.[1] The M10 had around 20mm to 25mm of armor in and around the tank, though the front gun mantlet had around 50mm worth of armor.

It was also built on the chasis of an M4A2 Sherman Tank. However, unlike its base, the M10 did not have a Browning M1919 mounted in its bow. Instead, it was armed with the 76mm M7 gun and a 12.7mm Browning M2 machine gun mounted on a turret ring. Furthermore, the M10 was around six meters and weighed 29,937 kg. It had a 5 speed forward and 1 speed backward transmission.

VariantsEdit

The M10A1 was a variant of the M10 in which a M4A3 Sherman base was used. It was also about 907 kilograms lighter than the original M10 and it was powered by a 500 hp, gasoline run, Ford GAA engine. Another change is that the M10A1 could carry around 720 liters of fuel and it had slightly thicker armor in the back of the hull. The Achilles Mk IC and Achilles Mk IIC were both British modifications of the M10 and the M10A1. They both had the QF 17-pdr main gun and were both used in campaigns such as those in Italy and France.[2]

HistoryEdit

The M10 was put into production in 1942 and the M10A1 started production later that year. The M10 was first brought into service in North Africa where it faced Italian and German tanks for the first time. It did respectively, earning its place among the American tank destroyers and replacing the earlier M3 Half-track conversion. From then on, the M10 and the M10A1 were both used in the European Theater. They were used in campaigns such as the breakout from Normandy to the crossing of the Rhine. It also fought in other campaigns such as those in the Pacific, though admittedly less effectively. Notably, in the Battle of the Bulge, several Panzer V Panthers were dressed up to look like M10 tank destroyers in a deception campaign.  M10s were still being used after WWII by countries such as China.  In total, around 5,000 examples were produced during the war.

ReferencesEdit

  1. http://www.wwiivehicles.com/usa/tank-destroyers/m10.asp
  2. http://www.militaryfactory.com/armor/detail.asp?armor_id=110


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