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During World War II, The United States allocated code names to Japanese Aircraft for identification purposes, in order to accurately describe aircraft whose true designation was seldom known, and in any case difficult to remember. The general policy was to assign a short and distinctive boy’s name to fighters and reconnaissance seaplanes, names of trees to trainers, birds to gliders and girl’s names to all other types.[1] However, for various reasons, certain aircraft used by the Japanese did not receive a codename, such as the Junkers Ju-87's used for evaluation purposes.[2]

Types sorted by codename[3]



  1. Japanese for fool
  2. One example of the Fw 190A-5 for evaluation.
  3. 13 examples of the Bf 109E-3a for evaluation - 10 delivered in 1940 and 3 in 1941.[4]


  1. Gunston, Bill. St Michael Aircraft of World War 2. Octopus Books. 1982. ISBN 0-86273-014-7
  2. Kay, Antony L and J R Smith. German Aircraft of the Second World War. Putnam Aeronautical Books. 2002. ISBN 0 85177 920 4
  3. World Aircraft Information Files Aviation Partwork. Midsummer Books Ltd.
  4. Scutts, Jerry. Combat Legend Messerchmitt Bf 109. Airlife Books (2002), ISBN 1 84037 364 4

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