Germany is a country in Western/Central Europe with sixteen states. Its capital city is Berlin. The country has a mainly temperate type of climate. There is a rather mixed type of terrain in Germany. The official language of Germany is German. The leader of Germany during World War II was Adolf Hitler.
The national flag of Nazi Germany was that of the Nazi Party once Hitler took power. It had a red background with a swastika towards the left.
Treaty of VersaillesEditThe Treaty of Versailles was the peace settlement signed after World War 1 ended in 1918. It forced Germany to accept full blame for war, pay for all the damage (which would be equal to 30 billlion US dollars), and shrink their military. Also under this treaty, germany lost Alsace-Lorraine to France, Northern Schleswig to Denmark, Hultschin to Czechoslovakia, and West Prussia to Poland.
Also, Germany’s army was reduced to 100,000 men and 6 navy ships. The army was not allowed tanks, airforce, or submarines. The west of the Rhineland and 50 kms east of the River Rhine was made into a demilitarised zone (DMZ). No German soldiers or weapons was allowed into this zone. The Allies were to keep an army of occupation on the west bank of the Rhine for the next 15 years.
The Rise of NazismEdit
The leader of the party, Adolf Hitler, was running for elections in Germany in the 1930s. As the years went by, The Nazi party has gotten Germany's attention. By 1935, Hitler had became chancellor (As he won the elections), and Germany, turned into a totaliteration goverment. Very few Germans didn't want to have a nazi goverment, as Hitler established nuremburg laws against Judism.The first admission was the Rhine to remiliarized, and Germany reclaimed Saarland. As part of the Nazi party policy, Hitler removed the free rights of speech, and revolution so that the Nazis' will still be in power.
Beginning of World War IIEdit
Germany reunite with Austria for more control of a German area. Then Germany demanded land from western Czechoslovakia, which was allied with France, Britain, and Poland. After Hitler made that decision, France and Britain wanted to make an appeasement to Germany. In return, Germany cannot seek more land to control. Eventually the rest of Czechoslovakia came to join Germany in August. Germany was preparing for war as WWII starts.
WWII started in September 1st, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. This caused Great Britan and France to declare war on Germany. After this came Canada, South Africa, India, et al. After a period inactivity or silence, Germany attacked Norway and Denmark, because it was to protect the German trade border from the north sea. Then, they then further invaded Belgium, Netherlands, France, and Luxembourg. First, Netherlands was easily defeated by a stragetic move called "Blitzkreig", which means "Lightning war". Basically, Netherlands was overunned by German tanks which was called "Panzers".
The Fall of FranceEdit
Then, The Germans were planning to attack France. At first, The Germans would use the old stragetic, which was going into Belgium, then coming from the north into Paris. But instead, The Germans used Blitzkreig again, which overunned Belgium, and flanked France into the Alsace-Lorraine. The french failed to defend because of poor strategy and failed to produce more weaponary. Hitler called this historical event "The Fall of Paris", as of a great nation has fallen to Germany. Shortly afterwards, Winston Churchill called Hitler for another appeasement, but the appeasement was denied.
Battle of BritainEdit
Germany's next target was Britain. The Germans were ready to flank Britain from the south, but unfortunetly, their naval forces were far more superior. The only way Hitler was able to control Britain was to get full dominance in the air. The German's luftwaffe (Air force) has much more planes, than Britain has. This battle did end shortly, but there is bombing from both sides
Germany's attention to Soviet UnionEdit
In 1942, Hitler was planning to turn Germany's attention to the Soviet Union. Operation Barbrossa was planned to attack Soviet Union in the east, following up its allies such as Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and Finland. The massive invasion led about over 3 million troops. Hitler planned that once the Soviet Union was conquered, he would make all of western soviet union, into a huge home for Germany, while other countries serve as puppet states. This operation, was also caused most of the deaths (besides the holocaust of Nazi Germany) as lost of millions of Soviet troops.
Declaration of war against the United StatesEdit
Following the pearl harbor attack, Germany declared war on the United States, as supporting Britain through a system called "Lend and Lease". Perhaps this was one of the mistakes that made Germany fall in 1945.
In 1943, Germany invaded Greece, and countries who supported the allies, to gain several materials to fight against the allies. Oil, was one of the main sources for Germany's powerful tanks and planes. As the Germans advanced on, the allies stoped Germany from reaching the primary source of oil, which was in the middle east. When Italy couldn't stop the allies from coming up to north-western africa. As the Italian facism fell, the Germans had to protect northern Italy from going into mainland Germany.
D-Day, and the Soviet RetaliationEdit
After a few months of fighting in Africa, and the holding up on the eastern front, the Soviets started to retaliate with a massive army that was recently recruited. Since it was the winter of 1943, the Germans didn't have resources to supply themselves in the cold. Adolf Hitler told the German commander in the east to keep fighting their way to the eastern cities. However, the Germans either died off in the war in the eastern front, or died in the cold while advancing. Instead, some Germans even made camps to protect themselves against the Soviets. Unfortunately, the Soviets slowly make their way to eastern Europe, while destroying any German camps nearby. The Germans, and their allies in the east quickly depleted, before they even got into Moscow. Meanwhile, the allies were in a stalemate in Italy, while defeating German troops in the Middle East so the allies can supply oil to themselves.
In early June, 1944, the Germans were fortifying themselves in the western front to prevent any liberation against the allies. The allies surprised Germany by invading Normady (Operation: D-day) with the allies gaining the advantage. Since most of the German troops were in the eastern front, the allies were successful in liberating northern France.
The Fall of Nazi GermanyEditAfter a couple months of fighting in the eastern, and western fronts, Germany's army started to deplete rapidly, with only a couple of defensive cities that Germany had fortified before the allies invaded. The Soviets in the east had very little resistance against the Germans, which made it easy for the Soviets to capture the eastern countries. The allies in northern Africa liberated a few countries in the Balkans, and all African countries that were under the Axis controlled areas. In late 1944, the allies had liberated France from Germany forces.
In early 1945, Germany was starting to face defeat, and Adolf Hitler lived in an armored bunker just incase the Soviets had reached Berlin already. In April 1945, before Hitler committed suicide, the Soviets were having an intense battle with the last remaining German soldiers, but this time, Berlin was very well fortified. In the end in April, the Soviets were victorious, and Adolf Hitler committed suicide with his wife in the bunker before the Soviets got to them.
However, the allies were still fighting German forces after the first few days in May. Germany decided to surrender under the Soviets, and the allies officially, on May 8th, 1945. With'in the surrender, Germany was divided into four zones, which were controlled by the British, French, American, and Soviet forces. Berlin was also splitted up into four zones because the Soviets had more control over eastern Germany than the allies had.
Nazi Germany, overall, was a very powerful country in Europe at that time. Since the Germans were blamed for killing 6 million jews, and other disabled attributes of people, Germans today promised not to do anything like that ever again. However, Nazism today seem to spread influence into several other countries, especially the United States. Germany is responsible for paying anything that is associated with nazism since the criminal code was established. The influence of Nazi Germany still is just a haunting shadow of the world today.
|More Info:The Holocaust|
The Holocaust was a massive killing of mostly Jews, people with disabilities, and people who aren't with the Nazi regime. When Adolf Hitler started to appoint himself as chancellor of Germany in 1935, he established the Nuremberg Laws, which indicates that all Jews were required to wear a jewish badge, and follow brutal laws in German lands. However, before the laws were established one month earlier, Adolf Hitler warned all jewish people to move out of Germany, or they might face severe consequences. The Jews that Hitler considered to be bad, were killed in Jewish concentration camps found mostly in Poland.