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The First Battle of El Alamein was a battle fought in the North African Desert campaign. It was fiercely fought between the Axis forces (Germany and Italy) and the Allies (Britain and the commonwealth). The Allies emerged victorious in the battle, and ended up stopping Rommel's advance through out Egypt. The battle marked the end of German victories in North Africa and was the first in a series of battles which would result in the liberation of North Africa from Axis forces.
On 29 June 1942, Rommel started a drive from Mersa Matruh that brought him to El Alamein. Many of his soldiers were worn down by two years of constant strain and combat but on 15th, 22nd and 27th July, the Brescia, Trieste and Trento succeeded in pinning the 2nd New Zealand, 5th Indian, 9th Australian and 50th British Divisions. These divisions were pinned between the Italian strong points and German armor and brought another series of disastrous defeats for the British commanders.
On 1 July 1942, the attack into El Alamein began. However, the whole German advance was constantly attacked by Indians and South Africans, with the Indians managing to destroy 18 German tanks and stopped the 21st Panzer Division. However, the whole German advance was constantly attacked by Indians and South Africans, with the Indians managing to destroy 18 German tanks and stopped the 21st Panzer Division. 
The Germans managed to overrun the Indians by the evening, however, and continued their advance. The 1st Armored Division ran into the German 15th Panzer Division and drove them back west, somewhat hindering the German advance. Rommel ordered the offensive to be continued on 2 July 1942, but no significant gains were made and by the 5th, the allies were regrouping and driving the Germans back.
Stalemate and German digging inEdit
Rommel ordered his troops to dig in and regrouped his forces while giving them much needed rest.