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Bren (Machine Gun)

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300px-Bren1

A Bren Light Machine Gun

The Bren, usually called the Bren Gun, was a gas-operated, selective fire, series of light machine guns adopted by Britain in the 1930s and used in various roles until 1991.

Description

The original design however, was from Czechoslovakia and this version was designated the ZGB.

The Bren was a large gun weighing in at 25 lbs fully loaded and had an overall length of 42 inches. The Bren could also be fitted with a bipod, although it could also be mounted on a tripod or vehicle-mounted.

The gun came chambered in the British .303 round and later would be rechambered to fit the 7.62x51mm NATO round after the end of World War II. The box magazine at the top of the gun has a round capacity of up to 30 rounds and it also had a rate of fire of about 500 rounds per
Bren LMG

A Bren LMG

minute.[1]

Variants

The Mk. II was the successor of the Mk. I version of the Bren (original). It had several improvements made to the gun including modifications to the bipod and new iron-sights.

These new, simplified, iron-sights helped British infantry with accuracy. The Mk. III was basically a lightly modified version of the Mk. II in which it had a lighter weight and a shortened barrel.[2] There wasn't really anything else that differentiated it from the Mk. II.

History

The Bren entered service in 1938. It was used by British forces in the European Theater and the Pacific Theater. While best known for its role as the British and
Aust soldiers Wewak June 1945

An Australian Machine Gun Team

Commonwealth force's primary infantry light machine gun (LMG) in World War II, it was also used in the Korean War and saw service throughout the latter half of the 20th century. It was created to succeed the older Lewis Gun which was still used during World War II despite the newer Bren Gun. The Bren LMG had several other variants following the Mk. III. These included the L4 and L4A1.

References

  1. http://www.militaryfactory.com/smallarms/detail.asp?smallarms_id=61
  2. http://world.guns.ru/machine/brit/bren-e.html


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