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The BA-10 was a six-wheeled, armored car used by the Soviet Union during World War II.

Description

The BA-10 had a gasoline powered, 50 hp, GAZ M1 engine capable of propelling the BA-10 at speeds of up to 85.2 km/h. The chassis of the BA-10 was based on that of the GAZ-AA Truck.[1] The engine was located at the front if the vehicle while the driver had to look out of small slits, also at the front of the vehicle.

It also had a crew of four and an operational range of about 300 kilometers. The armor protection on the BA-10 varied from 10 mm to 16 mm on all areas of the car.[2] Due to this small armor thickness and the tall silloutte, the car could easily be knocked out and the crew was left very vulnerable. The armament of the BA-10 was a 45 mm main gun and two DT light machine guns. The weight of the BA-10 was about 4,662.9 kg and the length was 4.6 meters, the width was 2 meters and the height was 2.4 meters[3]

In total, forty-three rounds of 45 mm ammunition could be carried within the armored car and there were six wheels/tires in total. A littler over 2,000 machine gun rounds could also be carried on board.

Variants

The BA-10 had only one official variant that actually saw service and one that stayed only in the prototype stage. The first variant of the BA-10 was the BA-10M. It had the same turret as the T-26 Infantry Tank and another designation for it was the BA-32. An unofficial variant of the BA-10 was a turretless version that was used as an APC There was even ambulance and ammunition carrier versions.[1] The other prototype variant was known as the BAZ and was meant to be amphibious.

History

The BA-10 first entered service with the Red Army in 1932 and it was used almost throughout World War II. The BA-10 was developed from earlier BA-3 and BA-6 designs and it was the last of the series of Soviet, six wheeled armored cars.[4] The BA-10 was turning obsolete by 1941 however and service seriously declined by 1942. The first actual test of the BA-10 in combat however was during the Soviet-Japanese Border Clashes. The BA-10 was officially withdrawn from service in 1943 and well over 3,000 models. Although, some did stay in service until 1945.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Lüdeke, Alexander. Weapons of World War II. Parragon Books Ltd (2007), Page 111
  2. http://www.wwiivehicles.com/ussr/armored-cars/ba-10.asp
  3. http://www.technicamolodezhi.ru/rubriki_tm/228/1626
  4. http://www.militaryfactory.com/armor/detail.asp?armor_id=340


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