The 1st Guards Field Army was an elite Field Army that served with the Soviet Union during World War II. It was originally formed in August, 1942 from elements of the 2nd Reserve Army. It was subsequently disbanded in 1991 following the collapse of the Soviet Union..
The first commander of the 1st Guards army was Filipp Golikov who maintained command only for the months of August to October in 1942. Replacing him was a series of temporary commanders who served for a month each; finally leading up to commander Kunetzov who had kept command until 1943.
The final main commander of the 1st Guards Army was Andrei Grechko who had taking up command from Kunetsov in December 1943 and maintained command up until the end of the war.
Following its formation in 1942, the 1st Guards Army was most notably sent into the Battle of Stalingrad to aid with the counterattacks being carried out by Soviet troops. Although very little ground was gained during these early counteroffensives, they did manage to slowly weaken German defenses. In a second operation, more success had been had with the 8th Armata being pushed back quite some way. Following the Battle of Stalingrad, the 1st Guards Army had been redeployed to other areas of the Eastern Front and had continued to serve in various locations.